Korotkov K, Ph.D., Professor, Orlov D.

University of Informational Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, Saint Petersburg, Russia


Key words: structured water, Electrophotonic imaging, Gas Discharge Visualization, high
dilutions, consciousness influence


Basic principles of Electrophotonics – Gas Discharge Visualization (EPI/GDV) technique –
method of analysis of stimulated by electromagnetic field glow of liquids are discussed in the
paper. Examples of experimental studies of different samples of water, blood reaction to
allergens, low concentrations of different salts are presented. High selectivity and sensitivity of
the EPI/GDV approach is proven by publications of different authors. EPI/GDV parameters
depend on the chemical composition of a liquid, but most interesting is their dependence from
structural properties of water and the possibility of data transfer through water. Measured
parameters are defined by the emission activity of surface layer of liquid, which depends on
surface-active valency. It is clear that this property is defined by the structure of the near-surface
clusters, so the EPI/GDV method may serve as one of the informational methods of study the
structural-informational properties of liquids. Developed approach allowed to distinguish the
changes of electrophotonic parameters of water under the remote influence of the human
consciousness – directed human attention.


Currently considerable attention is being focused on the study of the structural properties of
water and the possibility of data transfer through water. A lot of controversial information we
may find concerning memory of water (Johansson, 2009; Montagnier, 2009, 2011). According to
the viewpoint that has shaped, the phenomena observed during the experiments are determined
by the processes of clusters and clathrates formation, mainly at the atoms of admixtures (Del
Giudice, Vitiello, 2006). The task of introducing these notions into the scope of contemporary
scientific thinking requires, first of all, a set of probative and reproducible experimental facts.
Water is a complex subject of study, and its properties depend on a great number of factors; this
requires that several independent techniques should be used in parallel, and that new informative
methods for study of water properties should be developed and introduced into practice
(Voeikov, Del Giudice, 2009).

The high degree of informativeness of the Dynamic Electrophotonic Imaging (EPI)
analysis based on Gas Discharge Visualization (GDV) method (Korotkov, 2002) applied for
studying liquid-phase subjects was first demonstrated during the study of the glow of
microbiological cultures (Gudakova et al, 1990), blood of healthy people and cancer patients
(Korotkov et al, 1998), reaction of blood to allergens (Sviridov et al, 2003), homeopathic
remedies of 30С potency (Bell et al, 2003), and very small concentrations of various salts
(Korotkov, Korotkin, 2001). The differences between the glow parameters of the NaCl, KCl,
NaNO3 and KNO3, solutions and distilled water were observed until the 2
-15 dilution; however,
the dynamic trends of the 2
-15 dilution and distilled water still had different directions.

Great interest has been roused by the studies directed at detecting the differences between
the glow of natural and synthetic essential oils with identical chemical composition (Korotkov et
al, 2004, Vainshelboim et al, 2004). The oils were analyzed in order to detect possible
differences between oils that were obtained by means of natural and synthetic processes,
between oils of organic and regular origin; between oils obtained in different climatic conditions and extracted by means of different methods; between oils with different optical activity;
between fresh oils and oils that were oxidized by various methods. The combinations of oils
under study did not show any statistically significant differences when analyzed by means of the
gas chromatography method.


Study of Electrophotonic parameters of liquids is based on using commercially produced
instrument “GDV Camera”, which is manufactured by KTI company, St. Petersburg (web. Ref
1,2). This instrument is well-known for analyzing stimulated photon emission from human
fingers which is being used for health and well-being diagnostics (Measuring 2002), analysis of
athletes (Bundzen et al, 2005), altered states of consciousness (Bundzen et al, 2002. Korotkov et
al. 2005), influence of music (Gibson, Williams 2005) and Qigong to people (Rubik, Brooks
2005), as well as geo-active zones (Hacker et al, 2005) and minerals (Vainshelboim et al, 2005).
When the EPI parameters are measured for liquid subjects, a drop of the liquid is
suspended at 2-3 mm distance above the glass surface of the optical window of the device, and
the glow from the meniscus of the liquid is registered (Fig.1). The volume of liquid is about
5*10-3 ml. Temperature is kept in the range 22-24 C, the relative humidity is maintained from
42% to 44%. The train of triangular bipolar electrical 10 mcs impulses of amplitude 3 kV at a
steep rate of 106 V/s and a repetition frequency of 103 Hz, is applied to the conductive
transparent layer at the back side of the quartz electrode thus generating electromagnetic field
(EMF) at the surface of the electrode and around the drop. Under the influence of this field, the
drop produces a burst of electron-ion emission and optical radiation light quanta in the visual and
ultraviolet light regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. These particles and ions initiate
electron-ion avalanches, which give rise to the sliding gas discharge along the dielectric surface
(Korotkov, Korotkin 2001). A spatial distribution of discharge channels is registered through a
glass electrode by the optical system with a charge coupled device TV camera, and then it is
digitized in the computer.

Full text: 2012 Water EPI